It was a family industry, continuing through generations.Clay pits were usually dug quite close to the kiln, on the peasant's croft or common.Multi-flue types were also used later, allowing greater capacity and needing peat or coal as fuel.Methods of stacking vessels in kilns are interpreted from excavated kilns which contain partial loads, but can also be reconstructed from kiln scars on glazed pottery and kiln bars, and from the direction of glaze drips on decorated vessels.Similarly, there is little evidence for tools used. were probably employed, but these would be difficult to distinguish from domestic ones.Also, specialized antler and bone tools and stamps were used to decorate pottery, and a few of these have been found.Most Roman pottery, however, consisted of coarse sandy greywares which were used for cooking, storage and other daily functions.
The bibliography at the end provides references to more detailed and comprehensive sources.
The study of pottery is an important branch of archaeology.
This is because pottery is: Small fragments of pottery, known as sherds or potsherds, are collected on most archaeological sites.
Inclusions in the pottery, to prevent shrinkage in the kiln, vary between geological regions.
Differences in style and fabric helps pottery specialists to identify vessels which are not of local manufacture.
Highly decorated tableware, including fine red and whitewares, were available during the Early Roman period.