It is usually considered one of the Mountain States. The major Native American nations in the state are Navajo, Pueblo, and Apache peoples.New Mexico is fifth largest by area, the 36th-most populous, and the sixth-least densely populated of the 50 United States. The state's demography and culture are shaped by these strong Hispanic and Native American influences and expressed in the state flag.The Great Plains (High Plains) are in Eastern New Mexico, similar to the Colorado high plains in eastern Colorado.The two states share similar terrain, with both having plains, mountains, basins, mesas, and desert lands.) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States of America. states, New Mexico has the highest percentage of Hispanics, including mostly descendants of the original Spanish colonists who have lived in the area for more than 400 years beginning in 1598.It was admitted to the Union as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. It has the second-highest percentage of Native Americans as a proportion of the population after Alaska, and the fourth-highest number of Native Americans after California, Oklahoma, and Arizona.The region received its name long before the present-day nation of Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821.Spanish explorers recorded this region as (New Mexico) in 1563, and again in 1581, hoping to find there wealthy Mexican Indian cultures similar to those of the Aztec (Mexica) Empire of the Valley of Mexico.
The average annual temperatures can range from 64 °F (18 °C) in the southeast to below 40 °F (4 °C) in the northern mountains.
The states of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah come together at the Four Corners in New Mexico's northwestern corner.
New Mexico, although a large state, has very little water.
The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel.
The 37° N latitude parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado.
The indigenous cultures of New Mexico, however, proved to be unrelated to the Aztecs and were not wealthy.