It was formally constituted by the London Declaration in 1949, which established the member states as "free and equal".
The symbol of this free association is Queen Elizabeth II who is the Head of the Commonwealth, but this role does not carry any power with it.
While there are over 31 republics and five monarchies who have a different monarch, the Queen is the ceremonial head of state and reigning constitutional monarch of 16 members of the Commonwealth, known as Commonwealth realms but retains a crown legally distinct from the other realms with the position as monarch being separate from that of Head of the Commonwealth.
Member states have no legal obligation to one another.
And I'm planning to dig into that in the next year or two. Other readers, like Kristine Kruszelnicki, blamed the book for making her set the bar on relationships too high and called herself a "victim.""@Harris Josh Add me to ur IKDG victims. In the Balfour Declaration at the 1926 Imperial Conference, Britain and its dominions agreed they were "equal in status, in no way subordinate one to another in any aspect of their domestic or external affairs, though united by common allegiance to the Crown, and freely associated as members of the British Commonwealth of Nations." These aspects to the relationship were formalised by the Statute of Westminster in 1931, which applied to Canada without the need for ratification, but Australia, New Zealand, and Newfoundland had to ratify the statute for it to take effect.Newfoundland never did, as on 16 February 1934, with the consent of its parliament, the government of Newfoundland voluntarily ended and governance reverted to direct control from London.The conversation drew Harris' attention and from his verified Twitter account, Harris replied: "@jessicakathryn @elizabethesther Sorry about that, Jess."The conversation, however, didn't stop there."@Harris Josh honestly, your book was used against me like a weapon.But now, I just feel compassion for the kid you were when you wrote it," added Esther. " she wrote."@kruszer @elizabethesther Kristine, I don't know what to say.The postwar Commonwealth was given a fresh mission by Queen Elizabeth in her Christmas Day 1953 broadcast, where she envisioned the Commonwealth as "an entirely new conception – built on the highest qualities of the Spirit of Man: friendship, loyalty, and the desire for freedom and peace." However, the humiliation of the Suez Crisis of 1956 badly hurt morale of Britain and the Commonwealth as a whole.