Because legal definitions of both child and pornography differ considerably among jurisdictions, for research purposes child pornography is often defined broadly as any record of sexual activity involving a prepubescent person. Pornographic records include still photographs, videos, and audio recordings. “Computer Search and Seizure Issues in Internet Crimes Against Children Cases.” Rutgers Computer and Technology Law Journal 7–373. The idea of protecting children from sexual exploitation is relatively modern. As late as the 1880s in the United States, the age of consent for girls was just 10 years.In 1977, only two states had legislation specifically outlawing the use of children in obscene material. Alternatively, they may receive information from other jurisdictions about offenders in their districts. “Pedophiles on the Internet: Law Enforcement Investigates Abuse.” Law and Order 47(5):74–78.[Full Text] Linz, D., and D.
The treatment of children as sexual objects has existed through the ages, and so too has the production of erotic literature and drawings involving children.
There are 10 levels of image severity: The Internet has escalated the problem of child pornography by increasing the amount of material available, the efficiency of its distribution, and the ease of its accessibility. Child Pornography: The Criminal-Justice-System Response.
(See Appendix A for a summary of key terms and concepts relating to the Internet.) Specifically, the Internet: The problem of Internet child pornography can be divided into three components—the production, distribution, and downloading of images. “Child Pornography on the Internet.” Police Journal 73(1):7–17.[Full Text] Klain, E., H.
Images were usually locally produced, of poor quality, expensive, and difficult to obtain.
The relaxation of censorship standards in the 1960s led to an increase in the availability of child pornography, and, by 1977, some 250 child pornography magazines were circulating in the United States, many imported from Europe.Despite concern about the extent of child pornography, law enforcement agencies had considerable success in stemming the trafficking of these traditional hard-copy forms. “The Need for Regulating Anonymous Remailers.” International Review of Law, Computers & Technology 14(1):79–88.
Local citizens may access child pornography images that were produced and/or stored in another city or on another continent. “The Use of Explicit Sexual Stimuli by Rapists, Child Molesters and Nonoffender Males.” Journal of Sex Research 7–288.